Tips About Note Taking
Why take notes in class?
- Organized notes will
help you identify the core of important ideas in the lecture.
- A permanent record will help
you to learn and remember later.
- The lecture may contain information
not available anywhere else. This will be your only chance to
- Lecture is where you learn what your instructor thinks is
important, and he makes up the exams.
- Class assignments are usually given in the lecture.
- The underlying organization and purpose of the lecture
will become clear through note taking.
TAKING NOTES IN CLASS: A BRIEF SUMMARY
- BEFORE THE LECTURE BEGINS:
- Make some preparation for the lecture so that you will be more likely
to predict the organization of the lecture.
- CHECK THE COURSE OUTLINE to see if
the lecturer has listed the topic or key ideas in the upcoming lecture.
If so, convert this information into questions to be answered in the
- BEFORE THE LECTURE, complete outside
reading or reference assignments.
- REVIEW THE TEXT ASSIGNMENT and any
reading notes taken.
- REVIEW NOTES from the previous lecture.
- Sit as near to the front of the room as possible to eliminate distractions.
- Copy everything on the blackboard and transparencies, especially the
- Have a proper attitude. Listening well is a matter of paying close attention.
Be prepared to be open-minded to what the lecturer may say even though
you may disagree with it.
- DURING THE LECTURE:
- Have your lecture paper and pencil or pen ready.
- Write down the title of the lecture, the name of the course and the
- Watch the speaker carefully.
- Listen carefully to the introduction (if there is one). Hear the lecture.
By knowing his outline, you will be better prepared to anticipate what
notes you will need to take.
- Be brief in your note taking. Summarize your notes in your own words,
not the instructor's. Remember: your goal is to understand what she is
saying, not to try to record exactly everything she says.
- Try to recognize main ideas by signal words that indicate something
important is to follow. Examples: "First, Second, Next, Then, Thus,
Another important...," etc.
- Jot down details or examples that support the main ideas. Give special
attention to details not covered in the textbook.
- If there is a summary at the end of the lecture, pay close attention
to it. You can use it to check the organization of your notes. If your
notes seem disorganized, copy down the main points covered in the summary.
It will help in revising your notes later.
- At the end of the lecture, ask questions about points you did not understand.
- Don't be in a rush. Be attentive, listen and take notes right up to
the point at which the instructor dismisses you. If you are gathering
together your personal belongings when you should be listening, you're
bound to miss an important point--perhaps an announcement about the next
- AFTER THE LECTURE:
- Revise your notes as quickly as possible, preferably immediately after
the lecture since at that time you will still remember a good deal of
- During the first review period after the lecture, coordinate reading
and lecture notes.
- Review your lecture notes AT LEAST ONCE A WEEK.
Also, review the lecture notes before the next lecture.
TIPS ON TAKING NOTES
- Collect notes for each course in one place, in a separate notebook or section
of a notebook.
- Write notes on one side of the page only.
- Use a loose-leaf notebook rather than a notebook with a permanent binding.
See the pattern of a lecture by spreading out the pages.
- Write name and date of the class on the first sheet for each lecture.
- Use 8 1/2 x 11 sheets of paper for your notes. This size will allow you
to indent and see the structure of your notes.
- Do not perform manual activities, which will detract from taking notes.
Do not doodle or play with your pen. These activities break eye contact and
- Enter your notes legibly because it saves time. Make them clear.
- Use abbreviations.
- Box assignments and suggested books so you can identify them quickly.
- Mark ideas, which the lecture emphasizes with an arrow or some special
- Pay close attention to transitional words, phrases, and sentence which
signal the end of one idea and the beginning of another. Listen for words such
as "therefore", "finally", and "furthermore."
They usually signal an important idea.
- Take down examples and sketches, which the lecturer presents. Indicate examples
- Review your notes as soon as possible. Read through the notes and improve
the organization if necessary.
- Listening and note taking are SKILLS. The more
you practice these techniques, the more skilled you will become. REALLY
TRY TO USE AND IMPROVE THESE SKILLS. Soon you will be able to record
the fastest lecturer to your satisfaction.
Your instructor is not going to send up a rocket when she states an important
new idea or gives an example, but she will use signals to telegraph what she
is doing. Every good speaker does it, and you should expect to receive these
signals. For example, she may introduce an example with "for example"
as done here.
Other common signals are:
She may signal support material with:
- There are three reasons why....” (HERE THEY
- “First...Second... Third....” (THERE THEY
- “And most important...” (A MAIN IDEA!)
- “A major development....” (A MAIN IDEA
He may signal conclusion or summary with:
- “On the other hand....”
- “On the contrary....”
- “For example....”
- “In contrast....”
- “As an example....”
- “For instance....”
She may signal very loud with:
- “In conclusion....”
- “As a result....”
- “In summary....”
- “From this we see....”
Signals are usually ignored by those of us who do not know how to listen effectively.
Expect signals and be alert when you receive them.
- “Now this is important....”
- “Remember that....”
- “The important idea is that....”
- “The basic concept here is....”
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